World Cancer Day
World Cancer Day, observed on February 4th, is an international event dedicated to raising awareness about cancer and encouraging its prevention, detection, and treatment. The day serves as a rallying point for individuals, organizations, and governments to unite and speak out about the impact of cancer on communities and individuals worldwide. The theme for World Cancer Day 2023 is “I Am and I Will” which encourages individuals to take personal action in the fight against cancer. By coming together and working towards a common goal, we can help reduce the global burden of cancer and improve the lives of those affected by it.
The most common type of cancer: The most common type of cancer worldwide is lung cancer, followed by breast cancer and colorectal cancer.
What are the supplements and vitamins that help in preventing cancer?
There is no single supplement or vitamin that can prevent cancer, as the development of cancer is influenced by a complex interplay of genetic, lifestyle, and environmental factors. However, some studies suggest that certain nutrients and dietary compounds may help reduce the risk of certain cancers. Here are a few examples:
- Vitamin D: Some research suggests that vitamin D may help reduce the risk of certain cancers, such as breast and colon cancer.
- Vitamin C: Vitamin C is an antioxidant that may help protect cells from damage that can lead to cancer.
- Beta-carotene: Beta-carotene is a compound converted into vitamin A in the body and may help reduce the risk of certain cancers.
- Folate: Folate is a B vitamin that may help reduce the risk of certain cancers, such as colon and breast cancer.
- Green tea: Green tea contains compounds called catechins that have been shown to have anti-cancer properties.
- Folate (vitamin B9) has been associated with lower rates of colon, breast, and cervical cancers.
- Selenium, a mineral, may help protect against prostate and lung cancers.
- Curcumin, the active ingredient in turmeric, has been studied for its potential anti-cancer properties and has been associated with reduced risk of certain cancers, such as colorectal cancer.
- Omega-3 fatty acids found in fish and fish oil have been linked to a reduced risk of certain cancers, including breast, colon, and prostate cancer.
- Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) has been studied for its potential role in reducing the risk of certain cancers, including breast cancer.
- Vitamin B12 (cobalamin) has been linked to a reduced risk of colon cancer.
- Zinc, a mineral, has been associated with a reduced risk of prostate cancer.
- Garlic and its active component allicin have been associated with a reduced risk of certain cancers, such as stomach and colorectal cancer.
It’s always best to get nutrients from a balanced diet that includes a variety of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains rather than relying solely on supplements.
What are the risk factors for cancer
The development of cancer is influenced by a combination of genetic, lifestyle, and environmental factors. Some common risk factors for cancer include:
- Tobacco use
- Alcohol consumption
- Unhealthy diet and lack of physical activity
- Exposure to certain chemicals and pollutants
- Infections (e.g. human papillomavirus, hepatitis B and C)
- Sun exposure
- Family history of cancer
- Gender (e.g. higher risk for certain cancers in men such as prostate cancer)
- Personal history of certain cancers
It’s important to note that having one or more risk factors does not mean that a person will definitely develop cancer. Conversely, not having any risk factors does not mean a person is immune to cancer.